Della serie "Africa Addio", questa volta però dedicato allo schiavismo negli Stati Uniti. Un pseudo-documentario realizzato da due autori da tempo dediti al genere, dotati di mezzi e di indubbie capacità tecniche, decisamente spese male. Jacopetti e Prosperi hanno uno sguardo morboso, e la loro produzione paga pegno ad un razzismo latente (il titolo non aiuta, con il rimando allo stereotipo dello zio Tom) e allarmante. "Addio Zio Tom" (poi rieditato senza più l'addio) è stato realizzato ad Haiti. Lo stesso dittatore Papa Doc avrebbe favorito la non facile lavorazione tra le centinaia di comparse autoctone. EN.
Goodbye Uncle Tom (Italian: Addio Zio Tom) is a 1971 Italian film directed by Mondo film documentary directors Gualtiero Jacopetti and Franco Prosperi with music by Riz Ortolani. The film is based on true events in which the filmmakers explore antebellum America, using period documents to examine in graphic detail the racist ideology and degrading conditions faced by Africans under slavery. Because of the use of published documents and materials from the public record, the film labels itself a documentary, though all footage is re-staged using actors. Though the film is presented as a documentary, it is more of a historical drama or docudrama because of its fantasy framing device of the directors travelling back in time combined with the re-staging of historical events.
The film has frequently been criticized as racist, despite directors Jacopetti and Prosperi's claims to the contrary. In Roger Ebert's 1972 review of the shorter American version, he asserts that the directors have "Made the most disgusting, contemptuous insult to decency ever to masquerade as a documentary." He goes on to call the film "Cruel exploitation", suggesting that the directors degraded the black actors playing slaves by having them enact the extremely dehumanizing situations the film depicts. Critic Pauline Kael called the film "the most specific and rabid incitement to race war", a view shared by white nationalist and former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke, who claimed the film was a Jewish conspiracy to incite blacks to violence against whites.
The directors denied charges of racism; in the 2003 documentary Godfathers of Mondo they specifically note that one of their intentions in making Addio Zio Tom was to "make a new film that would be clearly anti-racist" in response to criticism by Ebert and others over perceived racism in their previous film Africa Addio.
The film was considered to have been a critical and commercial failure.
The film was shot primarily in Haiti, where directors Jacopetti and Prosperi were treated as guests of Haitian dictator Papa Doc Duvalier. Duvalier supported the filmmakers by giving them diplomatic cars, clearance to film anywhere on the island, as many extras as they required, and even a nightly dinner with Duvalier himself. Hundreds of Haitian extras participated in the film's various depictions of the cruel treatment of slaves, as well as white actors portraying historical characters (including Harriet Beecher Stowe).
The directors' cut of Addio Zio Tom draws parallels between the horrors of slavery and the rise of the Black Power Movement, represented by Eldridge Cleaver, LeRoi Jones, Stokely Carmichael, and a few others. The film ends with an unidentified man's fantasy re-enactment of William Styron's The Confessions of Nat Turner. This man imagines Nat Turner's revolt in the present, including the brutal murder of the whites around him, who replace the figures Turner talks about in Styron's novel as the unidentified reader speculates about Turner's motivations and ultimate efficacy in changing the conditions he rebelled against. This is directors' cut of Addio Zio Tom 136 minutes (uncut). Directors: Gualtiero Jacopetti, Franco Prosperi.
Cast: Gualtiero Jacopetti (Himself), Franco Prosperi (Himself), Cicely Browne, Lewis E. Ciannelli, Geoffrey Copleston, Dick Gregory, Ernest Kubler, Anthony La Penna, Gene Luotto, Edward Mannix, Richard McNamara, Robert Sommer, Robert Spafford, Shelley Spurlock. Italy, 1971. 1. DVD9:
Language: Italian, Russian.
Subtitles: English. 2. DVDRip:
Language: Italian, Russian. Download Addio zio Tom / Goodbye Uncle Tom. DVD:
2 parts archive:
Download Addio zio Tom / Goodbye Uncle Tom. DVDRip.